Center for Mechanics of Solids, Structures and Materials

Seminar Schedule - Spring 2017

Home > Seminars > 2017.03.21

Tuesday, March 21, 2017
Time: 3:30-5:00 PM
Place: WRW 102

A general overview on multiple necking and fragmentation problems in ductile solids subjected to high strain rates

Jose A. Rodriguez-Martinez - University of Carlos III Madrid, Spain

Understanding the fragmentation of ductile solids and structures subjected to high velocity impacts or blast loadings has importance in aerospace industry, military applications, civil engineering and geophysical applications. Meteoric cratering, explosive behaviour of projectiles or orbital debris impact on spacecraft structures are examples of situations in which to preserve the integrity of structures subjected to strain rates within the range >104 s-1 becomes crucial. From the early studies in this area -dating in the late 18th century- to the present time, an intense debate on the causes which reside behind the fragmentation of ductile solids has been carried out. In this seminar we will discuss canonical problems of rings and cylinders subjected to dynamic radial expansion. The principal advantage of the rapidly expanding ring and cylinder tests is that, due to the symmetry of the problems, the effects of wave propagation are nearly eliminated before flow localization occurs in the form of multiple necks which ultimately lead to the fragmentation of the sample. Within this framework, we have developed a combined analytical / numerical methodology based on linear stability analyses and finite element calculations that provides new insights into the critical factors that control the processes of multiple necking and fragmentation. Our results suggest that the combination of inertia and stress multiaxiality effects inside a necked section lead to the promotion of a finite number of wavelengths that, at sufficiently high strain rates, determine/control, at least up to some extent, the neck spacing and fragments size. These results argue for the inclusion of a deterministic component within the fragmentation mechanisms and thus complement/enrich the statistical fragmentation theory developed by Mott in the 40s.

For further information please contact Dr. K. Ravi-Chandar at Ravi or (512) 471-4213.

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